Where They Lived

The Kumeyaay (KOO-mee-eye) homelands were located in southern California. Tribal territory included present-day Imperial and San Diego counties. The area also stretched into Mexico. Neighboring tribes included the Cahuilla, Gabrielino, Luiseño, and Cupeño. The Kumeyaay spoke a dialect from the Hokan branch of the Yuman language.

Many different landforms covered Kumeyaay territory. Beaches and salt marshes lined the Pacific coast. Inland, there weremountains, canyons, and valleys. Marshes and lakes were also found inland, as were seasonal streams and creeks. Various plants and animals lived in the forests, grasslands, and deserts of Kumeyaay land. Shrubs, berries, and wildflowers were abundant there. And, oak trees were plentiful. These trees provided acorns, which were a dependable food source for the tribe.

Kumeyaay material provided courtesy of ABDO Publishing Company.  Author Barbara A. Gray-Kanatiiosh, JD.  Illustrations by David Kanietakeron Fadden